Ashanti Region has a land size of 24,390sq km, which is about 10.2% of the land area of Ghana. The region in its nodal structure share common boundaries, to the north with Brong Ahafo; to the south with Central Region, to the east with Eastern Region and to the west with Western Region. It lies approximately between longitude 0.15’ to 2.25’ west and latitude 5.50’ to 7.40’ north.
Ashanti is the most heavily populated region in Ghana, with a population of 4,415,554 for 2006 (Projection from the 2000 Housing and Population Census, Ghana Statistical Service). Kumasi has the highest population of 1,430,241 (32.4%) of the regional total. About 47% of the populations are in the rural areas. The region has a population density of 163.8 per sq. km. The region has a large proportion of hard to reach areas especially in the Afram Plains sections of Sekyere East, Ejura Sekyedumase, Sekyere West and Asante Akim North districts. Three new districts namely Adansi North, Atwima Mponua and Amansie Central were created in 2005. This has raised the number of districts to twenty-one (21) districts with 114 sub-districts.
The vegetation is broadly classified into two: Semi deciduous forest and Guinea Savanna woodland. The average annual rainfall is about 166.7cm (66 inches) and the temperature is generally high, averaging over 27C in the forest zone and 29C on the northern fringes of the forest zone. The humidity is relatively high, averaging about 85% in the forest area and 65% for the Savannah belt.
Ashanti Region has 33 traditional councils and each is headed by a Paramount Chief. All these Paramount Chiefs in turn owe allegiance to Otumfuo, the Asantehene. The region is often referred to as the seat of the country’s culture due to the fact that several items that portray the Ghanaian culture like pottery, kente weaving, wood carving, traditional sandals, beads, smithing and a lot more can be found in the Region.
The main economic activity in the region is agriculture. Major crops grown include cocoa, oil palm, plantain, maize, yam, cassava, vegetables and citrus.
Road network to major towns and villages is comparatively good. Kumasi, the regional capital, is centrally placed and easily accessible by road from almost all parts of the country. Parts of Sekyere East, Sekyere West, Asante Akim North and Ejura Sekyedumase districts are however inaccessible most of the time, especially during the rainy season.
There are five hundred and thirty (530) health facilities in the region. The Ghana Health Service operates about 32% of all health facilities in the region. Kumasi has the highest number of facilities of 38%. (Source: Service Availability Mapping Survey).