CHPS moves health services to community locations, develops sustainable volunteerism and community health action, empowers women and vulnerable groups, and improves health provider, household and community interaction. This program had origins in the activities and research findings of the Navrongo Health Research Centre (NHRC) which has conducted a successful field experiment in Kassena-Nankana District of the Upper East Region. The Navrongo experiment tested means of addressing inequities in the health system through mobilization of both health sector and community resources.
Extending the coverage of basic and primary health care services to all Ghanaians has been the major objective of the Ministry since the Alma Ata conference on "Health for All" in 1977. While community-based health service delivery has been viewed as an effective strategy in making basic health services accessible to all Ghanaians, the appropriate means of implementing this goal has been the subject of considerable discussion and debate. The implementation of community-based service delivery in the Kassena-Nankana district demonstrated the feasibility and usefulness of reorienting health care at the periphery, answering the fundamental question of whether health services can be moved out of the clinical setting and whether achieving this actually has an impact. The experiences and lessons of this project have therefore served to reinforce the Ministry's commitment towards community-based health service delivery, and the Ministry responded to the Navrongo results with a draft policy statement calling for the replication of this approach in other parts of the country.